Checklist of the Malawi "Hap" Species Flock (Alphabetically)

Cheilochromis euchilus, photo © M.K. Oliver
Cheilochromis euchilus, photo © by M.K. Oliver
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Below is an alphabetical checklist of Lake Malawi's haplochromine genera and species (other than Mbuna). The list, which is also available sorted by color pattern, follows Eccles & Trewavas's (1989) classification, as modified by selected subsequent work. For want of a better name, this non-mbuna species flock can informally be called the "Haps," after the genus Haplochromis Hilgendorf, to which many of these fishes were once assigned.

Select a generic name below to see the list of species it contains, with (nonclickable) icons showing their color pattern(s). Within each genus, some genus and species names are linked to habitus photos and drawings; at least one species of every genus is illustrated. Tip: Be sure to scroll down on each picture page for the caption and any additional pictures. All photos at this web site are by M.K. Oliver, unless otherwise credited. A few photos at external sites are also linked. Most species also have a link from the author and year of publication to the literature citation of the original description. Some publications containing many new species (such as Trewavas, 1935) are not linked to every species, but you will find the same publication (author and year) as a link on a nearby species.

[For a different approach to listing these fishes, with all the same illustration links but without the authority and year or the publication data, see Checklist of the Malawi "Hap" Species Flock (by Color Pattern). Also available is a list of only the illustrated species of "Haps." For the Mbuna, go to Checklist of the Mbuna Species Flock. To learn more about these two groups, see What Is a Species Flock? What Is a Metaflock?]
 


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Alticorpus Stauffer & McKaye, 1988
Aristochromis Trewavas, 1935
Aulonocara Regan, 1922
Buccochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Caprichromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Champsochromis Boulenger, 1915
Cheilochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Chilotilapia Boulenger, 1908
Copadichromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Corematodus Boulenger, 1897
Ctenopharynx Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Cyrtocara Boulenger, 1902
Dimidiochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Diplotaxodon Trewavas, 1935
Docimodus Boulenger, 1897
Eclectochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Exochochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Fossorochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Hemitaeniochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Hemitilapia Boulenger, 1902
Lethrinops Regan, 1922
Lichnochromis Trewavas, 1935
Maravichromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Mchenga Stauffer & Konings, 2006
Mylochromis Regan, 1922
Naevochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Nimbochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Nyassachromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Otopharynx Regan, 1920
Pallidochromis Turner, 1994
Placidochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Platygnathochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Protomelas Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Rhamphochromis Regan, 1922
Sciaenochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Stigmatochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Taeniochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Taeniolethrinops Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Tramitichromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989
Trematocranus Trewavas, 1935
Tyrannochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

Alticorpus Stauffer & McKaye, 1988

many bars

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Aristochromis Trewavas, 1935

oblique stripe

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Aulonocara Regan, 1922

many bars

Psammophilous (sandy substrate) Aulonocara species [reviewed by Konings (1995)]:

Lithophilous (rocky shore) & intermediate zone Aulonocara species ("Peacocks"; "Kaiserbuntbarsche"): Aulonocara species incertae sedis (of uncertain position within the genus): Return to list of genera

Buccochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

oblique stripe

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Caprichromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

oblique stripe

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Champsochromis Boulenger, 1915

oblique stripe

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Cheilochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

horiz. stripes

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Chilotilapia Boulenger, 1908

horiz. stripes

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Copadichromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

3 spots horiz. stripes many bars no pattern

Note: Several species formerly classified in Copadichromis are now assigned to Mchenga

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Corematodus Boulenger, 1897

few bars oblique spot row

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Ctenopharynx Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

3 spots

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Cyrtocara Boulenger, 1902

3 spots

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Dimidiochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

horiz. stripes

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Diplotaxodon Trewavas, 1935

no pattern

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Docimodus Boulenger, 1897

oblique stripe

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Eclectochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

orna- tus

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Exochochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

3 spots

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Fossorochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

rost- ratus

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Hemitaeniochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

uro- taenia

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Hemitilapia Boulenger, 1902

sad- dles

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Lethrinops Regan, 1922

many bars no pattern horiz. stripes

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Lichnochromis Trewavas, 1935

oblique stripe

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Maravichromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

(Junior subjective synonym of Mylochromis Regan, 1920, which see)

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Mchenga Stauffer & Konings, 2006

many bars no pattern

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Mylochromis Regan, 1920

oblique stripe oblique spot row
(Mylochromis Regan, 1920 is the senior subjective synonym of Maravichromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989; see Derijst & Snoeks, 1992)

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Naevochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

3 spots

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Nimbochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

blot- ches few bars   Cladogram

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Nyassachromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

horiz. stripes no pattern

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Otopharynx Regan, 1920

3 spots

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Pallidochromis Turner, 1994

no pattern

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Placidochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

many bars few bars oblique spot row

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Platygnathochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

oblique stripe

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Protomelas Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

horiz. stripes bars & stripes

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Rhamphochromis Regan, 1922

no pattern horiz. stripes

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Sciaenochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

oblique spot row many bars
[Genus revised by Konings (1993), who excluded S. gracilis and S. spilostichus, reassigning them to Mylochromis near Mylochromis formosus. M.K. Oliver continues to consider those two predatory species with prominent, short premaxillary ascending processes ("pedicels") as belonging in Sciaenochromis, even with the revised concept of the type species S. ahli advocated by Konings (1993). See photos of fishes tentatively identified as S. gracilis and S. spilostichus (links in the list below).]

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Stigmatochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

3 spots

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Taeniochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

horiz. stripes

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Taeniolethrinops Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

oblique stripe

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Tramitichromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

oblique stripe sad- dles bars & stripes horiz. stripes oblique spot row

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Trematocranus Trewavas, 1935

sad- dles

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Tyrannochromis Eccles & Trewavas, 1989

horiz. stripes uro- taenia few bars

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The Cichlid Fishes of Lake Malawi, Africa:  MalawiCichlids.com

Last Update: 1 December 2013
Web Author: M. K. Oliver, Ph.D.
Copyright © 1997-2014 by M. K. Oliver - ALL RIGHTS RESERVED