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Checklist of the
Mbuna Species Flock

Labeotropheus trewavasae `marmalade cat,` photo © M.K. Oliver
    Labeotropheus trewavasae "marmalade cat"
    photo © by M.K. Oliver

Latest additions:  New A new genus Chindongo and 1 new species of Chindongo, 1 of Cynotilapia, 2 of Maylandia, and 3 of Tropheops, all from Li, Konings, & Stauffer (2016); also extensive revision of generic assignments, especially between Melanochromis and Pseudotropheus, and some new synonymies

Below is an alphabetical checklist of all scientifically described and named species in the Mbuna species flock of Malawi haplochromine cichlids, with many links to photo pages. Select the genus desired from either the buttons or the text links below them. Within the checklist for each genus, you can click on any colored scientific name (which will look, e.g., like "Cynotilapia afra") to go to an illustrated page for that species. All mbuna images and species accounts available at this site are linked below in this way. If instead you click on the colored name of any species' author and year of description [e.g., "(Günther, 1894)"] you will go to the full citation of that species' scientific publication on the bibliography page.

If you don't care about this complete checklist of formally described mbuna species and are looking for pictured species only, see Picture List for the Mbuna Species Flock. (Other options: You can go to Checklist of the Malawi "Hap" Species Flock (Alphabetically) or to Checklist of the Malawi "Hap" Species Flock (by Color Pattern), both of which have links to photos of that flock.)



Abactochromis Chindongo Cyathochromis Cynotilapia Genyochromis
Gephyrochromis Iodotropheus Labeotropheus Labidochromis Maylandia
Melanochromis Petrotilapia Pseudotropheus Tropheops 'Haps' alphabetically

Abactochromis Oliver & Arnegard, 2010
Chindongo Li, Konings, & Stauffer, 2016
Cyathochromis Trewavas, 1935
Cynotilapia Regan, 1922 (synonym: Microchromis)
Genyochromis Trewavas, 1935
Gephyrochromis Boulenger, 1901 (synonym: Christyella)
Iodotropheus Oliver & Loiselle, 1972
Labeotropheus Ahl, 1926
Labidochromis Trewavas, 1935
Maylandia Meyer & Foerster, 1984 (synonym: Metriaclima)
Melanochromis Trewavas, 1935
Petrotilapia Trewavas, 1935
Pseudotropheus Regan, 1922
Tropheops Trewavas, 1984


Abactochromis Oliver & Arnegard, 2010
Abactochromis labrosus. Photo © by M.K. Oliver
Abactochromis labrosus. Photo © M.K. Oliver
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Chindongo Li, Konings, & Stauffer, 2016   new
Chindongo bellicosus. Photo © by M.K. Oliver
Chindongo bellicosus. Photo © M.K. Oliver
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Cyathochromis Trewavas, 1935
Cyathochromis obliquidens. Photo © by M.K. Oliver
Cyathochromis obliquidens. Photo © M.K. Oliver
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Cynotilapia Regan, 1922
(synonym Microchromis Johnson, 1975)
Cynotilapia zebroides. Photo © by M.K. Oliver
Cynotilapia zebroides. Photo © M.K. Oliver

Gallery of Cynotilapia

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Genyochromis Trewavas, 1935
Genyochromis mento. From Ribbink et al. (1983)
Genyochromis mento. From Ribbink et al. (1983)

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Gephyrochromis lawsi. Photo © Ad Konings
Gephyrochromis lawsi. Photo © Ad Konings
Gephyrochromis Boulenger, 1901
(synonym Christyella Trewavas, 1935)

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Iodotropheus sprengerae. Photo © by M.K. Oliver
Iodotropheus sprengerae. Photo © M.K. Oliver
Iodotropheus Oliver & Loiselle, 1972 Top of page

Labeotropheus fuelleborni. Photo © by M.K. Oliver
Labeotropheus fuelleborni. Photo © M.K. Oliver
Labeotropheus Ahl, 1926 Top of page

 


Labidochromis heterodon. Photo © by M.K. Oliver
Labidochromis heterodon. Photo © M.K. Oliver
Labidochromis Trewavas, 1935
Try out Lewis's (1982) 2-page key to some Labidochromis species (112Kb) based on coloration of live males
(Adobe Acrobat Reader for the above can be downloaded free)
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Maylandia zebra. From Ribbink et al. (1983)
Maylandia_zebra. From Ribbink et al. (1983)
Maylandia Meyer & Foerster, 1984
(Metriaclima Stauffer, Bowers, Kellogg, & McKaye (1997) is a junior synonym of Maylandia, as officially established by Condé and Géry (1999). Genus redescribed by Konings & Stauffer (2006). See also FAQ about the status of Maylandia versus Metriaclima.) Note: Maylandia was originally proposed as a subgenus of Pseudotropheus. The gender of the name is feminine; some species names need to have their endings changed to agree.

See also Gallery of Miscellaneous Maylandia for some forms without formal scientific names

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Melanochromis Trewavas, 1935

Melanochromis The Beautiful Baddies From Lake Malawi, well-illustrated article by Paul Loiselle at Cichlid Room Companion (although nomenclature is outdated)
Melanochromis auratus. Photo © by M.K. Oliver
Melanochromis auratus. Photo © M.K. Oliver

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Petrotilapia Trewavas, 1935
Petrotilapia tridentiger. Photo © by M.K. Oliver
Petrotilapia tridentiger. Photo © M.K. Oliver
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Pseudotropheus Regan, 1922

Note: Three subgenera have been described, but not all species in the genus were initially assigned to a subgenus. The subgenera, each now recognized as a full genus, were the following:

  1. Pseudotropheus (Maylandia) Meyer & Foerster, 1984 [type species: P. greshakei Meyer & Foerster, 1984; now recognized as a separate genus (see Maylandia above). Metriaclima Stauffer, Bowers, Kellogg, & McKaye (1997) is a synonym of Maylandia.]
  2. Pseudotropheus (Pseudotropheus) Regan, 1922 [type species: P. williamsi (Günther, 1894)]
  3. Pseudotropheus (Tropheops) Trewavas, 1984a (type species: P. tropheops Regan, 1922); now recognized as a separate genus (see Tropheops below).

    In addition, a number of species formerly assigned to Pseudotropheus have been removed to a new genus Chindongo.

Pseudotropheus lucerna. Photo © Ad Konings
Pseudotropheus lucerna. Photo © Ad Konings

Tropheops Trewavas, 1984
See also Gallery of Tropheops
Tropheops tropheops. From Ribbink et al. (1983)
Tropheops tropheops. From Ribbink et al. (1983)
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The Cichlid Fishes of Lake Malawi, Africa:  MalawiCichlids.com

Last Update: 25 July 2017
Web Author: M. K. Oliver, Ph.D.
Copyright © 1997-2017 by M. K. Oliver - ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

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